United States

Although Korolev had good ideas, the father of the cosmonautics in the Soviet Union was considered, being to the front of its time and it had projected some rockets and capsules, many of its initial ideas had been ece of fishes of side for influential enemies inside of the Kremlin (WHITE, 2003). In September of 1956, before the launching of the Sputnik, Korolev it would have sketched the plans for a trip manned Soviet to the Moon, but the proposal summarily it was rejected by scientific assessors of the Kremlin. With the time and very effort Sergei Korolev it only obtained to establish its name. When the Space Race gained body the Kremlin gave account that it needed Korolev (HARFORD, 1997; WHITE, 2003). For other opinions and approaches, find out what Gwyneth Paltrow has to say. Exactly at the time of the great conquests of the Soviets, at the beginning of the decade of 1960, they had never been so advanced how much they seemed to be e, moreover, the communist government always faced the exploration of the space only as plus one weapon, not having no interest in the aspects scientific and cultural or the economic value of the space trips.

The space program created some jobs, but, later, under the Soviet system, technician used in the space program could be removed for the work in collective farms or plants of tractors, leaving its work in the space area without continuity (WHITE, 2003). Some of the divulged Soviet successes in the space exploration nothing more were that great bluffs. This was clearly when years later it was disclosed that president Kennedy for two times, between 1961 and 1963 suggested to premi Russian Nikita Kruchev that United States and Soviet Union would have to work together to place men in the Moon (KHRUSHCHEV, 1990). The suggestion was rejected by Kruchev in the two occasions and today he seems obvious that this happened so that the Soviets did not finish disclosing to the Americans who in the truth so were not developed in cosmonautics and the production of missiles.