Tag: construction of life
To make the paint thinner that is suitable for priming, it was diluted with solvents or diluents: white spirit, turpentine, kerosene, etc. The advantage of oil materials is high population density, and low consumption. They are excellent as a primer, for example, to handle the boards before painting. When oil paint in the structure contains only one coloring pigment, the words 'paint' is replaced by the name of the dye, for example, 'ocher', 'red lead', etc. to designate a number of film-forming material between the base and suffix code, defining the purpose and conditions use of additional indices are used: B – without a solution in a volatile – for water dilution WA – for vodnodispersnyh (water-based) AP – For organodispersnyh P – for powder Before proceeding to describe some types of oil paint, we note that the paint material is fairly rigorous classification standards of GOST. Therefore, oil paints do not have individual names. Depending on the scope of their acronym of the letters and numbers that we talked about above. The choice of oil paint, usually proceeds as follows.
First, determine the purpose of paint, then make a choice in favor of a manufacturer, Considering, of course, the price factor. How to work with oil paint? 1. When painting with oil paint to get a matte surface can be added to the paint 40% solution of soap at the rate of 1 piece per 3 liters of paint. Soap shaved shaving, fill with water (it lightly covers) and heated until it dissolves. Then, while stirring, add the paint. 2.
If the paint layer formed film, strain it is not necessary. You can omit the a piece of nylon stocking to the bank, and dip the brush directly in the stocking. 3. If you want to paint the walls, you must first remove the old paint with a spatula, pre-moistened with water walls.
Quality Dyes Texture
With his laid sidewalks and roads surrounding areas and parking lots. Also, he goes to create the columns, portals, small architectural forms and exterior wall surfaces. Production technology of decorative concrete as follows: on the prepared area is filled with a special structure, then it is covered with a pigment and reinforcing essential component, and, finally, using the form applied texture. The result is a unique coating, outwardly indistinguishable from natural materials: rock, tile, stone or slate – only about 300 species. The same can be said about colors. Twenty pigments can create any of the existing shades and transmit it to the material. Application of the hardener guarantees the protection of paints and surface of the stimuli, either sunlight or corrosive liquids, the strength will be comparable with natural stone paving.
In addition to outdoor applications, decorative concrete is perfect for work carried out by acting as a floor covering in hotels and restaurants, public facilities and swimming pools. At this influence not only indicators of strength, but also that the material does not slip under your feet and the wheels of the car, which is very important, especially in areas with high humidity. Very important area of distribution of concrete, where it occupies a dominant position, is the restoration of historical monuments. Unlimited possibilities in playing a texture, color and relief, coupled with the latest technology of simulation and the diamond surface treatment create the effect of the complete simulation of any natural materials laid many years ago. Of course, an important role in achieving architect of the effect is the correct installation of decorative concrete. It is a complex and lengthy process that must be performed exclusively by trained professionals who otherwise can not be achieve the stated characteristics of high strength and appearance. To begin with prepared base, consisting of several layers.
On it is superimposed concrete, mixed with lots of additives that enhance the resistance to aggressive environments. Quality Dyes and hardeners are needed not only to impart the desired color and texture, but also protect from moisture and sunlight to all the colors look fresh even after a hundred years. Visit hilton family for more clarity on the issue. Finally, the application of sealing compounds necessary for the formation of the film surface coatings, as well as linking together several outer layers into one, then it is impossible to guess about the artificial the origin of the coverage. Once a year, decorative concrete maintenance, reflected in the processing area of the hydro phobyzing solution, due to this coverage will be pleasing to the eye by its freshness for many decades.
And the number of visitors will grow with each passing year. Therefore, for finishing "Amber" naturally selected granite: thanks to its qualities, he will not only create an interesting architectural solution, but also provided an opportunity to observe strict sanitary requirements. The material used in MFSK finishing almost everywhere – domestic collection of porcelain Kerama Marazzi used in the lobby, corridors and areas of cafes, shops and other premises. "Porcelain tiles ideal for sports facilities – explains Paul Kavalkou, manager of development and implementation of new production plant Kerama Marazzi. – Thanks to the durability of this material retains its original look with a large flow of visitors, even after many years. Click Brad Pitt to learn more. A due to resistance to temperature extremes can be applied in such areas as the ice arena. " On the verge of fantasy So, with the look we're done.
And what about the very "body" of the stadium? Here, it is still difficult. How far away from the sport of high achievements of conventional children's games, has moved its software technology. It concerns all areas, from clothing and finishing equipment. Peter Thiel has similar goals. Naturally, the sports facilities are not could remain on the sidelines. Take, for instance, loved by all football. Once his ancestors – the British – just goes to rural pasture and chased the ball, made of stuffed rags bovine bladder (which, incidentally, specify its size, which is not changed for centuries). Special rules do not exist – nor the number of players or the game is not specified.
Thus, you will be able to explain to customers why it was selected or that technical solution, as well as to describe the attractive part of your project on a smaller nature. In this case, even completely unimaginative customer will be able to discuss with you the details to finalize or recycling project. That is to say you will, in the eyes of your customer, a first-class professional and reliable partner with whom the pleasure to deal with. However, production of layout – not an easy work and it should be valued, and therefore that would not work in vain, it is worth more closely communicate with the customer in the initial stages of design. As an option – the creation of a thumbnail. You should sit your client to the negotiating table and make sketches in his presence, which would later become sketch. Other leaders such as financial technology offer similar insights.
This is much faster and less cumbersome than the constant tinkering with the layout. At this stage, you can learn from the customer exactly what he wants and what result for him would be most acceptable. After you will make the outline, you start to the second stage of approval, namely the sketch, which is executed on paper. The difference between this phase of the previous one, that everything is done more accurately, and it already takes into account most customer's wishes. The form, which may be drawn sketch – quite diverse. This may be a three-dimensional model of the structure or it could be an artistic figure in color, which clearly show the customer what he wants.
Moreover, the benefits of this stage is that the sketch remake is much easier than reworking the layout. Just this step can affect the client so that he would ask completely redo the entire project, so as even at this stage may view the final result. Following the approval of the sketch you can start the main task – modeling. Here, you will not be able to demonstrate their imagination. At this stage, communicating with the customer should adhere strictly to the course and not change anything without approval, as this may give rise to a conflict situation between you and the client, which can lead to the fall of your business and professional reputation, that deadly for beginners. Once the layout is assembled, you can invite your client to evaluate the project and to conduct full-scale presentation, which will enumeration of all the advantages that may be present when using just your performance throughout the project. This event is especially useful for those who is also the developer. If you are running as objective expert, you should notify the client of the possible difficulties in using this project home. Thus, you will win the customer's location, but it is very expensive.
The main qualitative characteristics of pigments yavlyatsya: * dispersion (fineness), which determines the smoothness of the film; * Oil absorption – the amount of oil needed for cooking pasta colorful of 100 grams of pigment * coverage – the ability of pigment to hide the painted surface underneath the film, it is determined by the number grams of ink expended on the surface of 1 m * coloring power – the ability of pigment to give its inherent color of the mixture, in which it is introduced * Solubility – the ability of some pigments dissolved in various solvents. For even more opinions, read materials from Brad Pitt. Natural (mineral) pigments are finely powdered material obtained from various minerals and rocks, and subjected to enrichment or heat treatment. In mostly colored oxides or salts of minerals. These include chalk, ocher, graphite, iron ocher and other synthetic inorganic pigments are the largest group of pigments. They are the result of complex chemical reactions, and this group is almost entirely composed of salts and metal oxides. This group includes lead, zinc and titanium white, vermilion, chrome oxide, etc. Synthetic organic pigments are colored organic compounds that contain carbon.
Usually they are insoluble or slightly soluble in water and other solvents. They are distinguished by light and atomosferostoykostyu, high coloring power and commonly used for internal decorative works. Resins are adhesives, synthetic, oil, emulsion and mineral compositions. Also applies to them a kind of colorful paints – farblaki. These pigments, produced by deposition of aniline dyes in the white (chalk, kaolin, talc, feldspar) basis. Metallic pigments (powdered) – powder made of a different color (copper, zinc, aluminum, bronze, etc.) or metal alloys. The mixture with binders (linseed oil, varnish), they are used for coloring metal surfaces corrosion, and adhesives – for bronzing, rolling and finishing of decorative art and painting. The most common on Today, aluminum powder and PAP-1 aluminum powder PAP-2, is also often used as a pigment, bronze powder. Encouraged not only to apply the powder with binders having a neutral or low acid number.
Useful Tips For Building Fences
Rabitsa in the sections are made of sections of the Section-centered pipes. In the finished frame by welding or clamping blades fixed regular grid-rabitsu. Ideally, the frame is factory welded fasteners, hinges or attachment to the supporting pillars. Cheap, fairly durable, with galvanized mesh, with painting, you can pick the color in the style of your house, techno-logical installation. Require additional cost and care, not long-lived, if not galvanized, welding required for installation, so it is difficult to reliably protect the welds from corrosion.
Welded metal fence metal fence Dekorativnle manufactured in the factory and assembled of the sections on the site on a metal pole with riveting or welding. Wrought Fence Wrought Iron fences – this remake of the masters of the Baroque in your country house, or forged products in stilis-tick the modern world design-ditch embodied hands of blacksmiths. In truth, wrought ograzhdenire – em-schenie style and grace. style and elegance, unique design, long service life. expensive, long-term production installation with special equipment. Total for fences: Usually we surround ourselves with 'impregnable' fences. But do not forget about the aesthetic satisfaction, unity with nature, with the world.
Out of the house and every time watch bare brick wall, at least, boring. If you appreciate beauty and have a good taste, then our advice to choose your panel fencing. As an alternative to traditional car at the fence contemporary realities are increasingly using the parking barriers or bollards. Fence city estate. 'Take' – protect the fence was quite practical meaning: in tough times seen first reliable fence and dashing vorogov people. In Radzivilovskoy record, at the end of the XV century, depicts the prince's court in a courtyard surrounded by a fence with pointed sticks sticking up. This court in the event of an attack on him was made of this fortress, a strong fences and gates which could sit (Radzivilovskaya Chronicle, fol. 48 on., 100). In otchichie of medieval European city, where houses were close, especially the areas along the streets for Moscow, as for other cities in ancient Russia is characterized by a very different type of building – yard, or estate: open or fenced yard located in a free manner and outbuildings, in the depth of which was itself home. Owned wealthy owner (the prince and the royal court in this respect no different), usually all the buildings were located separately from each other, not forming a solid ensemble, fenced, only sometimes they have been connected by covered passages – vaults. This complex of buildings called the yard mansion, and the height of the house was a measure of well-being of the host. One of the main features of a wealthy boyar estates were the guard defensive towers – povalushi, ustnanovlennye in protecting the estate.
Unit Garden Paths
Landscaping or backyard garden plot necessarily includes equipment tracks. On how well they planned and carried out depends largely on appearance of the site. Among people with no experience construction, is widely believed that enough to pour on the ground slag or gravel layer of 3-5 cm and compacted, and the track is ready. However, when the first heavy rains, not to mention the spring thaw, it raskisnet and become a dirt. To avoid errors, you must adhere to certain rules. The basic requirement – a convex profile that ensures a good flow of water.
In general the slope of the track axis to the edges should be in the range of 2-3 cm per meter (Wide). The depth of the base tab track (topsoil removed) is 15-20 cm Material: construction waste (broken bricks, remnants of concrete and mortar), slag, natural rock (rock), crushed stone, gravel, dolomite. Finished track must perform a few inches above the soil surface, or grass, over the years growing, ground lift, and the track will be recessed into the ground on it will stagnate water. Sediment-path most easily done Sediment track. The work begins with the markup, then remove the soil to a depth of 15 cm, so that the bottom of the resulting cavity was convex.
Seizure and rammed her fall asleep in a large base of slag, gravel or bout brick layer 10-12 cm base watered and tamped. Then poured on top, keeping track convex profile, small slag layer 4-5 cm and also tamped. Even better, the base coat layer of waterproof clay fatty 1-2 cm thick, then pour a small and compact slag. To arrange bulk tracks raised curb is not recommended, since they degrade the drain. Sediment track of slag, gravel, building waste: a) profile extraction, and b) track from the slag: 1 – base (a large slag), 2 – cover (with small slag coarse-grained sand), and c) track from the rubble and construction waste. 1 – base dolomite bout bricks, pebbles, etc.) 2 .- moisture barrier (Heavy clay 1-2 cm), 3 – cover (gravel, fine dolomite, slag with a coarse sand). BRICK FINISH tracks with a beautiful and durable coatings are made of red brick. It is best to use red perezhzhenny brick, the so-called 'ladle', resistant to moisture. These cheap waste brick production may well be replaced by a brick-conditioned. Preparatory work for the tracks with a brick surface are the same as for Sediment from The only difference is that as a base layer of coarse sand is used in 10-12 cm sand is spread, keeping the convex profile track, and abundantly moistened with water. Then placed the bricks on the chosen scheme (see fig.). Laying of schemes 1 and 2 allows the use of half bricks and corners. Brick laying can be carried out differently (Figure 3). Laying on its side (Figure 4) can be recommended only for small volumes of work or for road sections with increased load. Brick laid in a wooden block pritrambovyvayut. Along the edges of the brick paths brick laid on edge to form a low curb. Freshly laid track should be watered abundantly water. As you can master the technology of Pavement with his own hands. But this is a topic for another article, tiling also requires compliance with technology
Good Quality Kitchen Furniture
When choosing a kitchen set, we must be sure that we get quality furniture. We are concerned by the questions: Will the furniture for the kitchen increased loads, it is enough if it is comfortable and functional, well there will be a new furniture look in the interior of the kitchen? All that we want to consider when choosing the furniture. Consider some points, indicating a furniture production and, consequently, the lifetime of the furniture. We think that this You will not make offensive blunders when buying furniture for the kitchen. Quality kitchen furniture depends primarily on the production technology. Visit the company's manufacturing section. If there is one, then it an additional advantage to the choice of this particular manufacturer.
The range of proposed facades, countertops, cabinets serve as an indicator of solidity furniture company. A solid company will offer you a wide selection of materials, shapes and colors. Thus, the furniture front, depending on preferences and income customers may be made of MDF board, laminated particle board or real wood. Housing is usually made of laminated chipboard. Pay attention to the ends products, especially the lower and rear. The presence of lamination coating on them as evidence of solidity of the furniture manufacturer to order. Be sure when buying products from particleboard demand a health certificate. If, for content of formaldehyde resin particleboard classified as E1, the furniture is trustworthy.
If the certificate is a certificate or E2 is absent, it is better to apply for furniture production to another company. Accessories is the next important point. Boxes must not slip too easily, otherwise they will strike the frame strongly, producing extra noise and fast wearing. At the same time, the boxes must be nominated and slide without extra effort. To avoid such troubles boxes are supplied with a special mechanism for cushioning. Hinged doors should hang straight, and the loops provide the angle of opening a door not less than 100 degrees. It is desirable to floor cabinets were on the ground-floor legs of adjustable height. This will adjust the position of the cabinet with uneven floors, and protect furniture from moisture, spilled on the floor. The general form of food will not spoil the legs, they can be to cover the mezzanine or the original strips. All of the above is a sign of quality furniture. Convenience, aesthetics and practicality of the kitchen is made up of such trifles.
So, serpyanku basically put on a PVA glue. But we can take, and other adhesives. The main thing – that the net hung from the ceiling and that it adheres well to the plaster. By the way, recently went on sale Adhesive serpyanka. Metal grid, "Shoot" to the ceiling with special brackets, hooks, or "pinks" with broad heads. It is needed in that case, when you need a thicker layer of plaster (3 – 5 cm). Peter Thiel is likely to agree.
In general, the grid recommend to put on all joints and seams. When the plaster dries, cover layer of leveling putty. And if you want to paint the ceiling then do not forget that under the paint to put a coat of primer. The result is "Layer cake". By the way, the master of the construction company "Elite-Comfort" revealed to us a professional secret, "In most cases, we shpaklyuem" Fugenfyullerom "or" Vetonitom ", mixed with white glue. So, this putty surface can not properly primed. " In addition, as a primer, you can use the same paint, which will be painted the ceiling.
But it must be diluted, which use a solvent P-646, approximately 20%. Moreover, take exactly the diluent, which is indicated on the can (if you use water-based paint, then have to be thinned with water). And another important point. As advised by experienced builders, for better quality repair ceiling to use a putty, primer and paint one of the firm. This primarily refers to the primer and paint. Only then can we ensure "interoperability" of materials (that is, they will not flake off, slough, etc.). Align the ceiling to see how even turned the ceiling surface, use different instrumentation, but you can also use traditional methods. Who chooses what – A matter of habit. Some masters mark the ceiling, "beacons" – ordinary nails that pierce in different places so that the hats were in the same (horizontal) plane.
Peeling bathrooms are a national disease. The solution to this problem, in principle, there is a long time – restore the enamel coating. What is the technology of such works? If the enamel was rough, there were chips and cracks, color not white, red and muddy, then a bath is quite possible to breathe new life, otemalirovav it again. If we are talking about cracks and deformation of the body tub, how to drain the site or do not match the size of new pipes with old drain hole – means that the bath should be changed completely. Enamelling old bath will be much cheaper than buying new. After all, it requires only buy to cover enamel bath for a maximum of 300 rubles. Work wizard and in the restoration of the old baths, and when a new will cost about the same. In addition to install a new bathroom, it must first buy and bring back, then break down the old plant, which will inevitably lead to a replacement of tiles, pipes and other additional costs.
Of course, the industrial process of enamelling is different from "home". In the production of cast-iron bath heated red hot and on the inner surface evenly sprayed powder. Under the influence of temperature it melts and spreads, turning into the enamel. But the production had already served their enamelling legitimate 15 – 20 years, and cast iron body bath – yet. So throw it just pathetic. It may indeed be reasonable to cover it with a new enamel? To date, there are three "home" enamelling bath. 1. Is to purchase the enamel applied by brush her own.
2. You can access the services of professionals (meaning the same method of applying enamel with a brush). 3. You can find companies that cause enamel spray. But before we look at each of these options, you need to say a few words about key stages of enamelling baths, because for all three cases they are identical.